What Are Dark Under Eye Circles, How Can You Treat Them?

Sarah Brechon
By Sarah Brechon

Sarah Brechon regularly Blogs and writes articles about the cosmetic surgery and medical aesthetic industries.

One of the areas disliked most by visitors to Aurora Clinics is the area under their eyes: dark circles here can appear even more ageing than wrinkles or grey hair. One of the common misconceptions is that under-eye dark circles, bags and puffiness are the same thing.

In fact, they vary in looks and are generally caused by different factors. Under-eye bags are due to an excess of skin when the delicate under-eye area loses elasticity as a natural side-effect of ageing. Hereditary conditions can worsen this i.e. if your parents had particularly pronounced under-eye bags.

Although certain creams and serums can help tighten this area, unfortunately, little can be done long-term to drastically improve under-eye bags except resorting to blepharoplasty surgery. Under-eye puffiness is typically linked to fluid retention (often hormonal or connected to the weather and stress, but equally diet and allergies may play a part). Puffy under-eyes, therefore, respond best by addressing the cause of the swelling and either relieving it with natural remedies or fixing it with the necessary changes to lifestyle.

They are tricky to disguise with make-up (which often just accentuates the area) and are really just masking the problem. The rest of this article focuses on the most common complaint we hear of; the dreaded “dark circles”.

Causes of Dark Circles:
It is vital to try and identify the cause of your black circles before attempting to remedy them. This is because there are numerous factors which cause dark circles under the eyes, and the choice/success of treatments used is directly dependent on the “type” of dark area you suffer from. Some causes of under-eye shadows include lack of sleep, hereditary conditions and thinning skin due to age.

Hyperpigmentation, facial structure and deep tear troughs are others. Ongoing dark circles, however, can indicate underlying health issues, so should not be taken lightly. Allergies and gluten intolerance, for example, are common causes of skin discolouration around the eyes, as are kidney problems (internal dehydration) and iron deficiency anaemia.

Causes of dark under eye circles

Who responds to Treatments:
Certain people are more responsive to particular remedies for under-eye shadows. If your dark circles are hereditary, for instance, you may face more of a struggle: it is still worth trying to treat this problem area, but you may need to resort to surgery or concealing with make-up rather than treating with creams. If your eye shadowing is caused by lack of sleep, poor nutrition, excess alcohol and caffeine, then you may benefit from changes to your lifestyle more than quick-fix treatments.
Natural remedies:
There are some natural remedies that you can try for your under-eye circles. The effectiveness of these is largely dependent on the cause of your shadows. If you feel you are suffering from dehydration, try to increase your water intake. We recommend this to everybody regardless of whether you are dehydrated; it is likely to help improve your skin condition and could well improve the dark area under your eyes. Avoid salty food and red meat, but try increasing your Vitamin C intake. Get plenty of rest and try cooling the area with refrigerated cucumber slices for 15 minutes. Always use sun protection with a minimum of SPF30 on the under-eye area to avoid further damage to thin skin.

For some people suffering from under-eye shadows, few remedies are effective. People who’s dark circles are caused by shadowing from their facial build, for example, will only really benefit from careful use of make-up, but there are a number of very good light-reflecting products on the market for this purpose. Make-up products should also ideally neutralise the bluish tinge and treat the area. We particularly recommend two products: Cernor Cover Stick, a moisture rich concealer which not only camouflages dark circles with light reflecting and tinting agents but infuses the area with Vitamin K Oxide. For younger ladies suffering from fatigue shadows, bareEscentuals Well Rested for Eyes is a lovely light-reflecting powder which blends easily into your mineral foundation without caking.

What are dark under eye circles

People are generally sceptical about under-eye creams (us included!) There are lots of gimmicky products out there that simply not living up to their claims. This is largely due to the issue of identifying the cause of your dark circles: creams tend to treat shadows caused by tiredness and dehydration, not pigmentation, ageing or genetics.

The only long-term treatment cream we endorse for this area is Cernor XO. This cream does work to lighten pigmentation under the eyes and also tightens the area and reflects light. You need to be particularly careful about the strength and fragrance of products that you are putting under your eyes because the skin there is so thin and delicate: Cernor are careful to point out that the cream should be tested for sensitivity.

If your under-eye circles are caused by a deep tear trough, then it may be possible to treat this with a Non-Surgical treatment like Juvederm Hydrate dermal fillers. You can try to assess whether your dark shadows are due to deep tear troughs by applying pressure to the area.

If it is due to a deep tear trough, under pressure it will form over at the inside corner of the eye (where a tear would flow). Dermal Fillers can also successfully treat shadows caused by under-eye hollows due to fat loss in the area after weight loss, or as a natural side-effect of ageing. Juvederm Hydrate to this area can give instant and dramatic results (after possible initial bruising) but you will need a thorough consultation first to establish whether this is a suitable treatment for you.

If your dark circles are due to Hyperpigmentation, (dark, uneven skin patches) then you may possibly respond well to a series of Chemical Peels again, a consultation with an experienced Aesthetic Practitioner is vital to determine whether this is the right course of action for you.

If you want to read more, the experts at Consulting Room really know what they're talking about and have put together dark circles, lines and wrinkles, blepharoplasty, Hyperpigmentation, sun protection, dermal fillers, fat, Juvederm Hydrate, and Chemical Peels FAQs just for you.

If you have more questions, you can use the dark circles, lines and wrinkles, blepharoplasty, Hyperpigmentation, sun protection, dermal fillers, fat, Juvederm Hydrate, and Chemical Peel questions feature to talk to our panel of trained medical experts. 

If you're keen to get started with any of these treatments right away then you're in luck - those clever folks also have a list of trusted, accredited dark circles, lines and wrinkles, blepharoplasty, Hyperpigmentation, sun protection, dermal fillers, fat, Juvederm Hydrate, and Chemical Peel clinics in your area.

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