Are You Addicted to Carbs?

Kim Pearson
By Kim Pearson

Kim Pearson graduated from London's Institute for Optimum Nutrition in 2008 and has worked in the field of nutrition and health for over ten years.


For a long time, we have waged diet wars against fats believing that eating fat will make us fat. However, evidence now shows that it is in fact sugars and refined carbohydrates that cause us to pile on the pounds.

Not only do foods such as white bread, sweets and biscuits cause you to gain weight, but they have also now been shown to be physically addictive.

The rise in the availability of these foods has also led to a rise in the numbers seeking bariatric or weight loss surgeries such as gastric banding.

Scientists in New Zealand carried out a study which found that foods containing high amounts of refined sugar and flour have the same addictive qualities as tobacco.

'Heavily processed carbohydrates such as cornflakes, sweets and croissants quickly raise the amount of sugar in your blood,' explains lead researcher Dr Simon Thornley, a registrar with the Auckland Regional Public Health Service. 'This rush of sugar stimulates the same areas of the brain that are involved with addiction to nicotine and other drugs.'

Could carbohydrate addiction be to blame for your weight gain?

Studies of brain scans suggest that people who put on a lot of weight could be doing it to improve their mood; the same reason addicts take drugs.

This research shows that people with a high Body Mass Index (BMI) have fewer receptors in the part of their brains that generate pleasurable feelings.

The same pattern is evident in people addicted to cocaine and alcohol. As with any addiction, over time, addicts need more and more of their drug of choice to achieve the same effects which could explain the link between excess carbohydrate consumption and weight gain.

 Are You Addicted to Carbs

In one study, a group of overweight women were offered two drinks that appeared and tasted identical. However, one contained only sugary carbohydrates, such as dextrose and rice syrup, while the other had some protein added. First, they were made to feel depressed by thinking about something sad, when they were given the drink most of them preferred the pure carbohydrate drink reporting that it cheered them up. Experiments like these are regularly used to test if a drug is addictive.

Eating ‘high glycemic index’ foods causes a sharp spike in the blood sugar level causing changes in various chemicals and hormones, including insulin and an amino acid called tryptophan in the brain. This creates more serotonin, the brain chemical known as the ‘happy hormone’. Nicotine also raises serotonin levels explaining why high-sugar foods can give you a temporary 'lift' if you're feeling low or irritable – in the same way a cigarette does. It’s an instant hit ensuring a strong association between the drug of choice and that feeling.

Blood sugar explained:

  • Your blood sugar level is the amount of glucose (simple sugar), circulating in your bloodstream. Its function is to provide cells with energy.
  • Blood sugar comes directly from the food we eat.
  • ‘High glycemic index’ foods break down quickly and send a surge of sugar into the bloodstream. These include refined ‘white’ carbohydrates and food high in sugar. Stimulants like coffee, tea and alcohol also increase your blood sugar level.
  • This also has a direct effect on the brain chemicals responsible for making us feel good, however, this is short-lived.
  • Only so much glucose can be converted into energy at any one time - the excess will be carried away by the hormone insulin and may be stored as fat.
  • When insulin has lowered the blood sugar level, energy levels and mood dip with it.
  • ‘Low glycemic index’ foods break down over a longer period of time, providing sustained energy release to the body and brain. They minimise the likelihood of fat storage and mood swings.
  • If blood sugar levels are poorly controlled over a long period of time, a number of health problems can occur as a result. The most directly linked are obesity and diabetes.
Weight loss treatment

The Glycaemic Index or Glycaemic Load (GI/GL) is a scientific rating of how quickly carbohydrate foods release sugar into our bloodstream.

‘Low GI’ foods, such as proteins and complex carbohydrates take longer to break down, providing the body with a steady supply of fuel over a longer period of time.

In real terms, this means we are satisfied for longer after a meal, we are less likely to suffer mood swings, and crave sweet foods and our bodies are less likely to store our food as fat.

Tips for Balancing your Blood Sugar

  • Include protein at all meals (lean, organic meats, fish, eggs, pulses, nuts, tofu, quorn…)
  • Aim for 3 main meals per day at regular times - don’t skip breakfast!
  • Choose low Glyceamic Index/Load (GI/GL) foods
  • Limit stimulants such as tea, coffee and alcohol
  • Reduce refined/white carbohydrates and sugary foods
  • For more information about the glycemic load of various foods you can visit: www.nutritiondata.com
  • If you think you may be addicted to carbohydrates you can supplement the amino acid tryptophan in the form of 5HTP. Tryptophan is needed by the body needs to produce the feel-good neurotransmitter serotonin.

If you want to read more, the experts at Consulting Room really know what they're talking about and have put together fat and bariatric or weight loss FAQs just for you. 

If you have more questions, you can use the fat and bariatric or weight loss questions feature to talk to our panel of trained medical experts. 

If you're keen to get started with any of these treatments right away then you're in luck - those clever folks also have a list of trusted, accredited fat and bariatric or weight loss clinics in your area.


More great blogs our experts wrote for you...

Menopause and Skincare: What You Need to Know

22
Nov
2022

Menopause and Skincare: What You Need to Know

Every woman experiences menopause differently. We know about hot flashes and mood swings but did you know that menopause can also affect your skin and hair?

Top Winter Skincare Tips

04
Oct
2022

Top Winter Skincare Tips

Extremes of temperature pose a danger to our skin – so how can we look after ourselves this season? Here are some top tips from a skincare expert...

Your Guide to Cosmetic Treatment Abroad

27
Sep
2022

Your Guide to Cosmetic Treatment Abroad

Sun, sea, sand and surgery... Should I abroad for cosmetic surgery or treatment? It’s easy to be tempted by the idea but sadly, it’s not always as easy.


Hey, wait!

Before you go.....

Let's stay in touch, pop your details here and we'll send our editor's hand-picked updates on your fave subjects.