Face Lift or Rhytidectomy Information

Face Lift or Rhytidectomy Information Image

Procedure Time: 3-5 hours

Recovery Time: 10-14 days

Results Duration: Up to 10 years dependent on age and lifestyle

Cost: Approx. £4,000 - £8,000

Anaesthesia: General anaesthesia or local anaesthesia and sedation

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A face lift, also called a rhytidectomy can help restore a more youthful appearance by tightening the muscles of the face and neck, and removing excess skin and fat. The ideal candidate for a face lift is someone who has loose facial skin but which still has some elasticity in it, and a relatively well defined bone structure. Patients are usually in their 40s, 50s, or 60s, but face lifts can be successfully performed on patients in their 70s and 80s. Facelifts are usually performed under a general anaesthetic, although a local anaesthetic along with a sedative to make you drowsy can also be used, so that you remain awake but feel very little discomfort during the surgery. Most people return to work 10 to 14 days after the surgery. Private costs for a facelift can range from approximately £4,000 - £8,000.

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Face Lift or Rhytidectomy Information FAQs

You may be surprised to hear that face lift operations have been performed by surgeons for more than a century. However, they really only came into fashion in the 1960s when they were carried out by highly qualified surgeons in hospitals. Prior to this, cosmetic surgery had all been rather secretive!

In the early days of face lifting, additional procedures to improve the neck were done in a separate operation at a later time, but today a facelift and neck lift are usually performed at the same time.

Other developments and refinements in how facelifts are carried out followed as more operations were performed. These included different incisions and stitching techniques in order to prevent women who had had face lifts looking like their skin had been stretched in a wind tunnel! Nowadays, face lift patients have a much more natural look to their faces after surgery.

The classic facelift or Rhytidectomy technique changed little until the early 1970s, when a Swedish surgeon, Tord Skoog, MD, presented and published his work about such operations. Skoog argued that face lifts could be made more successful in their look, and longer lasting in their effect, if tightening the muscles of the face and neck could happen as part of a face lift, as well as merely getting rid of any excess skin. This is known as a S.M.A.S. facelift.

In the late 1970s, some plastic surgeons began to use lipoplasty (liposuction) as a method of re-shaping the area beneath the chin and jaw line. They also started to use liposuction in any areas of the face which required it as part of a face lift.

The S.M.A.S. facelift is still the most commonly performed technique used today, although a number of other techniques have also been developed and have their fans. It is probably safe to say that there is no obvious “best technique” on which surgeons agree!

What many surgeons do agree on, however, is the ideal candidate for a facelift. This is someone who has loose facial skin but which still has some elasticity in it and a relatively well defined bone structure.

Patients are usually in their 40s, 50s, or 60s, but facelifts can be successfully performed on patients in their 70s and 80s.

We have, however, noticed a recent trend towards people in their late thirties seeking a facelift procedure.

According to statistics from the American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery (ASAPS), 68,983 Americans had facelift surgery in 2019 to help reduce the appearance of loose skin and wrinkles around the cheeks and neck area, that's a decrease of 5.7% on 2018 figures, no doubt due to a rise in non-surgical solutions to facial ageing. Facelift is only the 7th most common surgical cosmetic procedure in the USA.

If you're considering a facelift, the following information will give you a basic understanding of the procedure. It can't answer all your questions, since a lot depends on the individual patient and the surgeon. Please ask your surgeon about anything you don't understand.

Your first discussion with a surgeon should set out what you expect from a face lift or rhytidectomy and how you would like to look afterwards.

Careful discussions regarding the reasons for wanting a facelift and your suitability for this type of surgery are very important at this stage. Make sure that you obtain as much information as is possible to help you to make a fully informed choice.

It may be that a facelift is not the most suitable procedure for you, or that you may need further cosmetic help in addition to the surgery in order to achieve the results that you desire.

A medical history should also be taken, to ensure that there are no reasons why you shouldn’t have this operation. You would normally be asked to read detailed information and sign a consent form at this time which means that you have understood the potential benefits and risks associated with a facelift.

Photographs may also be taken by the practitioner, as a “before and after” comparison at a later date.

The surgeon may also wish to write to your G.P. giving details of the operation, so that if there are any problems associated with surgery in the short or long-term, your doctor is aware of the procedure and can help you to recover.


Facelifts are usually performed under a general anaesthetic, although a local anaesthetic along with a sedative to make you drowsy can also be used, so that you remain awake but feel very little discomfort during the surgery.

Please take into account that a general anaesthetic carries more potential risks than a local one. This should be clearly explained to you by the surgeon before any decisions are made.

The operation

If you make a decision to go ahead with a facelift, the actual procedure may take place in an outpatient surgical clinic, or a hospital setting where you can recover overnight. The entire operation can take between 3 and 5 hours. For a facelift and a necklift, or if your surgery is going to take a long time, your surgeon may chose to perform the procedures in two separate sessions.

Although there are many variations to the facelift procedure, generally a cut is made in your hairline at about the site of your temple. It then goes right round and behind your ear and finally into the hairline where it is hidden. This “frees” the skin so that the surgeon can pull it tighter and up and backwards. Once the skin has been pulled into its new position, any excess fat is trimmed off by the surgeon.

In some instances, the deeper facial tissues may also need to be repositioned in order to restore a more youthful line to your face. If necessary, a small cut beneath the chin allows fat to be removed from the saggy areas under the chin with the use of liposuction. The wounds are closed with stitches and/or metal clips on the scalp. The surgeon then applies a dressing to protect the entire area where the cuts were made. Sometimes temporary drainage tubes are used to help reduce swelling.

Some types of facelift can be performed without leaving visible external scars. An example of this is the endoscopic surgery performed using a tiny fibreoptic camera inserted through half-inch cuts in your mouth and temple. The scars will not be visible afterwards. The camera is connected to a television which allows the surgery to be seen on a screen.

This technique is particularly useful for patients with sagging cheeks, deeper nasal furrows, (the grooves down the side of the nose), thinner lips and down-turned corners of the lips. If you want to have a rough guide to how your face might look after such surgery, you can put a finger on the corner of your lip and then lift the skin upwards and outwards.

Depending on the length of the operation, you may be allowed go home after a few hours, or remain in hospital for a couple of days. Most patients return to work 10 to 14 days after the surgery.

It is very important that you follow the advice of your surgeon carefully after a facelift.

Post-surgery advice may include:

  • make sure that you have someone to take you home and who can look after you for at least 24 hours following this procedure;
  • you will be advised to keep your head propped up at night in order to reduce swelling;
  • use recommended painkillers as required;
  • you may need to return for stitches or staples to be removed after a week or so;
  • you should avoid any strenuous exercise for at least 2 weeks following surgery. Your surgeon will usually advise you when you can return to normal activities;
  • contact your surgeon immediately if you notice any signs of infection or if you experience bleeding or a sudden increase in pain.


Most people can have this surgery as long as they are generally in good health. It is also vital that you are realistic about what you expect from a facelift.

If you are prone to keloid (red, angry, raised) scars, or have a history of problems with wound healing your surgeon may not recommend this procedure or may caution you that scars could be raised and very visible.

Only fully trained and qualified surgeons should perform a Face Lift or Rhytidectomy operation.

For more information about practitioner training, qualifications and relevant medical organisations please view the information contained within the Legislation section of the Consulting Room.

It is highly unlikely that anyone considering a facelift or rhytidectomy surgery would be able to access this free of charge on the National Health Service.

However would always recommend that you visit your General Practitioner before embarking upon a cosmetic procedure involving surgery.

As well as their advice and guidance they may also be able to refer you to a local surgeon for a consultation. 

The NHS has set out the following guidelines on how to get cosmetic surgery through the NHS:

"To qualify for surgery on the NHS you must meet specific criteria as set out by your local health authority. The NHS will not pay for surgery for cosmetic reasons alone. Reconstructive and cosmetic surgery to correct, or improve, congenital abnormalities and injuries will usually be carried out free of charge.

NHS reconstructive surgery is performed by plastic surgeons who have had extensive training and belong to the British Association of Plastic Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeons. Surgeons who carry out cosmetic surgery through the NHS also belong to the British Association of Aesthetic Plastic Surgeons.

To receive cosmetic surgery from the NHS, you will normally need a referral from your GP. You will have a consultation with a plastic surgeon and an assessment by a psychiatrist, or psychologist. It will then be decided whether there is enough social, psychological, or physical benefit to be gained to justify surgery." 

Prices for a private face lift operation can be in the £4,000 - £8,000 range.

Please note that results of cosmetic surgery vary enormously, depending upon both the patient and the skill of the individual surgeon, so outcomes for procedures will always be more variable than those for less invasive non-surgical treatments.

(All before and after photographs featured are real patients treated by highly experienced surgeons, your results may differ).

Pre Mid-Face Lift Surgery Post Mid-Face Lift Surgery

Mid Face before surgery and 3 months after mid-face lift surgery.

Photographs courtesy of Consultant Plastic Surgeon, Mr Christopher Inglefield, BSc, MBBS, FRCS (Plast) at London Bridge Plastic Surgery.